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Mapped: The Top Export in Every Country

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Mapped: The Top Export in Every Country


View the high resolution of this infographic by clicking here.

Today, exports make up roughly 25% of total global production.

One of the common influences on these exports, unsurprisingly, is oil. In fact, petroleum is the top export across over 50 nations, and along with many other resource-driven materials makes up a sizable share of the global export market. Since 2000, the total value of all exported global trade of goods and services has tripled to $19.5 trillion.

This infographic from HowMuch.net shows the top export in every country by value, according to the most recent global data from 2018.

Top Exports, by Region

Let’s dive into some particular regions, to see how top exports can vary:

Editor’s note: for even larger versions of each regional infographic below, visit HowMuch.net. All export data is from 2018 and comes from CEPII, a leading French center of economic analysis.

North America

Top exports North America

In the U.S. petroleum outpaces all other exports, with crude oil accounting for 35% of total petroleum exports. Canada too, lists petroleum at the top.

Country Top Export
Canada Petroleum
Greenland Fish
Mexico Cars
Saint Pierre and Quelon Crustaceans
U.S. Petroleum

With a market valued at $50.7 billion, Mexico’s top export is cars—making it the fourth largest exporter worldwide.

Africa

Top exports Africa

From Egypt to Senegal, Africa has a diverse spectrum of exports. Primarily, these are resource-driven, with the top five exports being petroleum, gold, diamonds, natural gas, and coal.

Country Top Export
Algeria Petroleum
Angola Petroleum
Benin Cotton
Burkina Faso Gold
Burundi Gold
Cabo Verde Fish
Cameroon Petroleum
Central African Republic Wood
Chad Petroleum
Comoros Cloves
Congo Petroleum
Cote D’Ivoire Cocoa Beans
Dijibouti Sheep and goats
DR Congo Copper
Egypt Petroleum
Eritrea Zinc
Ethiopia Coffee
Gambia Nuts
Ghana Gold
Guinea Gold
Guinea-Bissau Nuts
Kenya Tea
Liberia Gold
Libya Petroleum
Madagascar Vanilla
Malawi Tobacco
Mali Gold
Mauritania Iron
Mauritus Fish
Morocco Cars
Mozambique Cloves
Niger Gold
Nigeria Petroleum
Rwanda Gold
Senegal Gold
Seychelles Fish
Sierra Leone Titanium
Somalia Sheep and goats
South African Customs Union Gold
South Sudan Petroleum
St. Helena Blood
Sudan Petroleum
Tanzana Gold
Togo Petroleum
Tunisia Wires
Uganda Gold
Zambia Copper
Zimbabwe Gold

Meanwhile, Ethiopia’s top export is coffee, shipping nearly $1 billion alone in 2018. Similarly, off the east coast, Madagascar is the world’s largest producer of vanilla.

Asia

Top Exports Asia

While petroleum is also a dominant export across many countries in Asia, the region’s export landscape is a lot more tech-focused.

In South Korea, electronic circuits are the largest export. Samsung, headquartered in Seoul, is a major supplier to Apple for multiple electronic components. With one of the highest export ratios in Asia, 40% of South Korea’s economic output is derived from its export market.

Here are the top exports across other Asian countries.

Country Top Export
Afghanistan Grapes
Armenia Copper
Azerbaijan Petroleum
Bahrain Petroleum
Bangladesh Suits
Bhutan Ferro-alloys
Br. Indian Ocean Terr. Fish
Brunei Darussalam Petroleum
Cambodia Jerseys
China Transmission apparatus
DPR Korea Watches
Georgia Copper
Hong Kong SAR Gold
Indonesia Coals
Iran Petroleum
Iraq Petroleum
Israel Diamonds
Japan Cars
Jordan Fertilizers
Kazakhstan Petroleum
Kuwait Petroleum
Kyrgyzstan Gold
Laos Electrical energy
Lebanon Gold
Macao SAR Watches
Malaysia Electronic circuits
Maldives Fish
Mongolia Coals
Myanmar Petroleum
Nepal Yarn
Oman Petroleum
Pakistan Bed linen
Philippines Electronic circuits
Qatar Petroleum
Saudi Arabia Petroleum
Singapore Electronic circuits
South Korea Electronic circuits
Sri Lanka Tea
State of Palestine Stones
Syria Olive oil
Tajikistan Gold
Thailand Machinery
Turkmenistan Petroleum
Turkey Cars
UAE Petroleum
Uzbekistan Gold
Vietnam Transmission apparatus
Yemen Petroleum

In Afghanistan, grapes are the top export, valued at $237 million. Almost one-fifth of Afghanistan’s exports come from the grape industry.

Europe

top exports europe

Across the European continent, the automotive industry stands out as a primary driver of exports, with 14 countries having cars or vehicles as their most exported good.

In fact, in 2019, the European Union exported a total of 5.6 million motor vehicles. Of these, 28% were shipped to the U.S. and 16.5% to China.

Country Top Export
Albania Footwear
Andorra Electronic circults
Austria Cars
Belarus Petroleum
Belgium Cars
Bosnia Herzegovina Electrical energy
Bulgaria Petroleum
Croatia Petroleum
Cyprus Petroleum
Czech Republic Cars
Denmark Drugs
Estonia Transmission apparatus
Finland Petroleum
France Airplanes
Germany Cars
Gibraltar Petroleum
Greece Petroleum
Hungary Cars
Iceland Aluminium
Ireland Blood
Italy Drugs
Latvia Wood
Lithuania Petroleum
Luxembourg Cars
Malta Petroleum
Moldova Wires
Montenegro Aluminium
Netherlands Petroleum
Norway Petroleum
Poland Vehicles
Portugal Cars
Romania Vehicles
Russia Petroleum
San Marino Machines
Serbia Wires
Slovakia Cars
Slovenia Cars
Spain Cars
Sweden Cars
Switzerland Gold
TFYR of Macedonia Reaction initiators
U.K. Cars
Ukraine Sun-Flower Seed

The Balkan nation of Albania has footwear as its top export. Overall, nearly 80% of the nation’s GDP relies on goods and services exports.

France, on the other hand, has airplanes as its highest export while Italy and Denmark’s highest are drugs. Italy is the top producer of pharmaceuticals in Europe, an industry which employs 66,500 across the country. Globally, it makes up 2.8% of pharmaceutical sales.

Due to its cheap electricity prices, companies have flocked to Iceland to produce aluminum. Iceland’s dams, which generate power from glacial water, produce electricity as much as 30% cheaper than in America.

Latin America & the Caribbean Islands

top export latin america

Like other regions, petroleum stands out as a key export in countries across Latin America.

Take Venezuela. With the largest oil reserves in the world, its oil exports were valued at $90 billion annually ten years ago. Since the pandemic, however, earnings are projected to reach just a fraction of this total—only $2.3 billion this year.

Along with this, the U.S. has imposed sanctions on president Nicolás Maduro and Venezuela’s state oil company, PDVSA, causing oil exports to slump to their lowest point in nearly 80 years.

Country Top Export
Anguilla Ethyl alcohol
Antigua and Barbuda Cruise ships
Argentina Oil
Aruba Airplanes
Bahamas Cruise ships
Barbados Ethyl alcohol
Belize Cane sugar
Bolivia Petroleum
Bonaire Petroleum
Brazil Soya beans
British Virgin Islands Yachts
Cayman Islands Yachts
Chile Copper
Colombia Petroleum
Costa Rica Medical instruments
Cuba Cigars
Curacao Petroleum
Dominica Medical instruments
Dominican Republic Gold
Ecuador Petroleum
El Salvador T-shirts
Falkland Is. (Malvinas) Molluscs
Grenada Nutmeg
Guatemala Bananas
Guyana Gold
Haiti T-shirts
Honduras T-shirts
Jamaica Aluminium
Montserrat Sand
Neth. Antilles Cars
Nicaragua T-shirts
Panama Petroleum
Paraguay Soya beans
Peru Copper
Saint Barthelemy Cosmetics
Saint Kitts and Nevis Transmission apparatus
Saint Lucia Petroleum
Saint Maarten Jewellery

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Petroleum
Suriname Gold
Trinidad and Tobago Petroleum
Turks and Caicos Is. Petroleum
Uruguay Wood pulp
Venezuela Petroleum

For Caribbean nations, unsurprisingly, many top exports in this region are linked to tourism.

Cruise ships stood out as a primary export in the Bahamas, while yachts were most significant in the Cayman Islands. However, due to the pandemic, many of these national economies are at heightened risk, with some economies across the region projected to contract 10% in 2020.

Oceania

Top Exports Australia

Finally, in Oceania, Australia has its top export as coal, while New Zealand sends milk abroad.

For many of the smaller islands throughout the Pacific, it can be seen that fish, cruise ships, water, and yachts are key exports.

The Future of Trade

Now, COVID-19 and a host of other factors are changing the way the world trades. Unexpected shocks, trade wars, the carbon footprint, and labor standards are influencing firms to build more resilient supply chains.

According to The Economist, it’s estimated that over the next five years that 16-26% of exported goods production could shift locations.

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