Connect with us

China

Mapped: Solar Power by Country in 2021

Published

on

Mapped: Solar Power by Country in 2021


Mapped: Solar Power by Country in 2021

This was originally posted on Elements. Sign up to the free mailing list to get beautiful visualizations on natural resource megatrends in your email every week.

The world is adopting renewable energy at an unprecedented pace, and solar power is the energy source leading the way.

Despite a 4.5% fall in global energy demand in 2020, renewable energy technologies showed promising progress. While the growth in renewables was strong across the board, solar power led from the front with 127 gigawatts installed in 2020, its largest-ever annual capacity expansion.

The above infographic uses data from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) to map solar power capacity by country in 2021. This includes both solar photovoltaic (PV) and concentrated solar power capacity.

The Solar Power Leaderboard

From the Americas to Oceania, countries in virtually every continent (except Antarctica) added more solar to their mix last year. Hereโ€™s a snapshot of solar power capacity by country at the beginning of 2021:

Country Installed capacity, megawatts Watts* per capita % of world total
China ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ 254,355 147 35.6%
U.S. ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ 75,572 231 10.6%
Japan ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต 67,000 498 9.4%
Germany ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช 53,783 593 7.5%
India ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ 39,211 32 5.5%
Italy ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น 21,600 345 3.0%
Australia ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ 17,627 637 2.5%
Vietnam ๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ณ 16,504 60 2.3%
South Korea ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท 14,575 217 2.0%
Spain ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ 14,089 186 2.0%
United Kingdom ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง 13,563 200 1.9%
France ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท 11,733 148 1.6%
Netherlands ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ 10,213 396 1.4%
Brazil ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท 7,881 22 1.1%
Turkey ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท 6,668 73 0.9%
South Africa ๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ฆ 5,990 44 0.8%
Taiwan ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ผ 5,817 172 0.8%
Belgium ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช 5,646 394 0.8%
Mexico ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ 5,644 35 0.8%
Ukraine ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ 5,360 114 0.8%
Poland ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ 3,936 34 0.6%
Canada ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ 3,325 88 0.5%
Greece ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ท 3,247 258 0.5%
Chile ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฑ 3,205 142 0.4%
Switzerland ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ 3,118 295 0.4%
Thailand ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ญ 2,988 43 0.4%
United Arab Emirates ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ช 2,539 185 0.4%
Austria ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡น 2,220 178 0.3%
Czech Republic ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ 2,073 194 0.3%
Hungary ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ 1,953 131 0.3%
Egypt ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ฌ 1,694 17 0.2%
Malaysia ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พ 1,493 28 0.2%
Israel ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ 1,439 134 0.2%
Russia ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ 1,428 7 0.2%
Sweden ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช 1,417 63 0.2%
Romania ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ด 1,387 71 0.2%
Jordan ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ด 1,359 100 0.2%
Denmark ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ 1,300 186 0.2%
Bulgaria ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฌ 1,073 152 0.2%
Philippines ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ญ 1,048 9 0.1%
Portugal ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น 1,025 81 0.1%
Argentina ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ท 764 17 0.1%
Pakistan ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฐ 737 6 0.1%
Morocco ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฆ 734 6 0.1%
Slovakia ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐ 593 87 0.1%
Honduras ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ณ 514 53 0.1%
Algeria ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฟ 448 10 0.1%
El Salvador ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ป 429 66 0.1%
Iran ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ท 414 5 0.1%
Saudi Arabia ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ 409 12 0.1%
Finland ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ 391 39 0.1%
Dominican Republic ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ด 370 34 0.1%
Peru ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ช 331 10 0.05%
Singapore ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฌ 329 45 0.05%
Bangladesh ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฉ 301 2 0.04%
Slovenia ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฎ 267 128 0.04%
Uruguay ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡พ 256 74 0.04%
Yemen ๐Ÿ‡พ๐Ÿ‡ช 253 8 0.04%
Iraq ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ถ 216 5 0.03%
Cambodia ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ญ 208 12 0.03%
Cyprus ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡พ 200 147 0.03%
Panama ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฆ 198 46 0.03%
Luxembourg ๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡บ 195 244 0.03%
Malta ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡น 184 312 0.03%
Indonesia ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉ 172 1 0.02%
Cuba ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡บ 163 14 0.02%
Belarus ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡พ 159 17 0.02%
Senegal ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ณ 155 8 0.02%
Norway ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด 152 17 0.02%
Lithuania ๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡น 148 37 0.02%
Namibia ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฆ 145 55 0.02%
New Zealand ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ 142 29 0.02%
Estonia ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ช 130 98 0.02%
Bolivia ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ด 120 10 0.02%
Oman ๐Ÿ‡ด๐Ÿ‡ฒ 109 21 0.02%
Colombia ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ด 107 2 0.01%
Kenya ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ช 106 2 0.01%
Guatemala ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡น 101 6 0.01%
Croatia ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ท 85 17 0.01%
World total ๐ŸŒŽ 713,970 83 100.0%

*1 megawatt = 1,000,000 watts.

China is the undisputed leader in solar installations, with over 35% of global capacity. Whatโ€™s more, the country is showing no signs of slowing down. It has the worldโ€™s largest wind and solar project in the pipeline, which could add another 400,000MW to its clean energy capacity.

Following China from afar is the U.S., which recently surpassed 100,000MW of solar power capacity after installing another 50,000MW in the first three months of 2021. Annual solar growth in the U.S. has averaged an impressive 42% over the last decade. Policies like the solar investment tax credit, which offers a 26% tax credit on residential and commercial solar systems, have helped propel the industry forward.

Although Australia hosts a fraction of Chinaโ€™s solar capacity, it tops the per capita rankings due to its relatively low population of 26 million people. The Australian continent receives the highest amount of solar radiation of any continent, and over 30% of Australian households now have rooftop solar PV systems.

China: The Solar Champion

In 2020, President Xi Jinping stated that China aims to be carbon neutral by 2060, and the country is taking steps to get there.

China is a leader in the solar industry, and it seems to have cracked the code for the entire solar supply chain. In 2019, Chinese firms produced 66% of the worldโ€™s polysilicon, the initial building block of silicon-based photovoltaic (PV) panels. Furthermore, more than three-quarters of solar cells came from China, along with 72% of the worldโ€™s PV panels.

With that said, itโ€™s no surprise that 5 of the worldโ€™s 10 largest solar parks are in China, and it will likely continue to build more as it transitions to carbon neutrality.

Whatโ€™s Driving the Rush for Solar Power?

The energy transition is a major factor in the rise of renewables, but solarโ€™s growth is partly due to how cheap it has become over time. Solar energy costs have fallen exponentially over the last decade, and itโ€™s now the cheapest source of new energy generation.

Since 2010, the cost of solar power has seen a 85% decrease, down from $0.28 to $0.04 per kWh. According to MIT researchers, economies of scale have been the single-largest factor in continuing the cost decline for the last decade. In other words, as the world installed and made more solar panels, production became cheaper and more efficient.

This year, solar costs are rising due to supply chain issues, but the rise is likely to be temporary as bottlenecks resolve.



Source link

Continue Reading
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.